Coleen Rowley was one of three whistleblowers named as persons of the year by TIME magazine in 2002. As Chief Division Counsel of the FBI office in Minneapolis, Ms. Rowley testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee about endemic problems facing the FBI and the intelligence community, including pre-9-11 security lapses. Ms. Rowley retired from the FBI at the end of 2004 and now speaks publicly about ethical decision-making and "balancing civil liberties with the need for effective investigation." She is the author of: “Civil Liberties and the Need for Effective Investigation”, Chapter 30 in Patriotism, Democracy and Common Sense: Restoring America’s Promise at Home and Abroad. Ms. Rowley graduated from the College of Law at the University of Iowa with Honors.