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Protecting Whistleblowers since 1977


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The International Reform Program at GAP protects and defends Intergovernmental Organization (IGOs) whistleblowers. Although IGOs are extremely powerful, both politically and financially, their staff members, contractors and consultants often lack effective protection from reprisal when reporting misconduct, corruption or fraud. 

Consequently, whistleblowers can be dismissed, defamed, or otherwise disciplined for exposing wrongdoing. The mission of the International Reform program is to defend these whistleblowers in judicial proceedings within the IGOs, give voice to their concerns, ensure investigation of their disclosures, and promote the implementation of best practice free speech protections.

GAP monitors the following institutions’ whistleblower protections:

  • The World Bank
  • Regional Development Banks, such as the Inter-American Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, African Development Bank, and European Bank for Reconstruction
  • The United Nations
  • The International Monetary Fund

Many of the most recent whistleblowers to approach GAP from IGOs come from the offices responsible for evaluating and investigating whistleblower disclosures, corruption and fraud, such as the Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS) at the UN and the Integrity Vice Presidency (INT) at the World Bank. Although whistleblower protections were established at these institutions in 2005 and 2008, respectively, neither the United Nations now the World Bank has made substantial progress in implementing the policies. 

GAP also monitors racial discrimination at the Multilateral Development Banks and files Freedom of Information Act requests to penetrate the secrecy surrounding IGO processes. In addition, GAP’s International Reform program promotes accountability in the international financial system and has assisted whistleblowers from insurance conglomerate American International Group (AIG) who disclosed information about Deputy Attorney General James Cole’s tenure as an Independent Consultant at AIG.

GAP’s International Program developed from our efforts to assist the Organization of American States (OAS) as it formulated the model whistleblower legislation necessary to implement Article III, Section 8 of the Inter-American Convention Against Corruption. This section requires member countries to create a system that protects citizens who exercise their right to freedom of expression by reporting acts of corruption and fraud. 

Beatrice Edwards is the Director of the International Reform Program. Michael Termini is International Officer.

International 2014 Fact Base