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Protecting Whistleblowers since 1977

Getulio P. Carvalho Fellowship

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In 2014, GAP established the Getulio P. Carvalho Fellowship to fund a defined research project focused on whistleblowing and international issues. Dr. Carvalho, a board member at GAP since 2013, has a distinguished record of academic research, writing and public service on inter-American affairs.  He endowed the fellowship to support the international program at GAP, which protects and defends whistleblowers in intergovernmental organizations and multinational corporations.


The 2017 Carvalho Research Fellow is Dr. Emily Holland. Dr. Holland holds a Ph.D in Political Science from Columbia University. She concentrates in International Relations with a focus on energy politics and Russian and European politics. She is also an expert in the field of anti-corruption research, as well as in European foreign policy and US-Russia relations. Additionally, she holds a B.A in Political Science and Russian Studies (2009), an M.A. in Political Science (2010) and an M.Phil from Columbia University (2013). She previously held visiting appointments at the European Council on Foreign Relations and the German Institute for Economic Research (Berlin).



Previous Fellows

In 2016, GAP awarded the fellowship to Keith Henderson of the Washington College of Law at American University. Mr. Henderson is an attorney and legal scholar who specializes in whistleblower protections both at the national and international levels. During the year, he studied the protections in place for whistleblowers at the World Bank. The research is significant because, in order to receive the full annual contribution owed by the United States, the US Secretary of the Treasury must certify to the Appropriations Committees of the Congress that best-practice whistleblower protections are in place and enforced at the World Bank. Mr. Henderson’s research, based on his extensive review of documents and cases, as well as interviews with World Bank officials, concluded that the measures in place at the Bank to protect staff members from retaliation after disclosing improprieties do not meet the best-practice standard set out in US law.


In 2015, GAP awarded the fellowship to Dr. Susan Ariel Aaronsen, Research Professor of International Affairs at the Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University. Dr. Aaronsen is working with GAP and selected clients to examine the role played by whistleblowers in protecting human rights. She is constructing case studies focused on the experiences of two GAP clients who made disclosures of wrongdoing that had serious effects on the human rights of the citizens of the Central African Republic and Darfur.